- never begin Dear friend / Pen friend; write the name Dear Jane,
- reasons for writing; / - an apology for a delay in writing / - a thank you to the person for his last letter
· Main Body
- divide your letter into paragraphs and include 2-3 points in each paragraph
-an excuse to stop writing/ - greetings to the person’s family ( friends) / - an invitation/ - a promise to write again soon, / - a request to the person to reply soon
Ending (say goodbye and sign your name)
- I’m writing to ask for your help / you (if you could do me) a favour.
- I wonder if / I was wondering if you could help me / do me a favour.
- I hope you don’t mind me asking but could you (possibly) …?
- I’d be very / really / terribly grateful if you could …
Thank you / Congratulations / Good Luck
- I’m writing to thank you for your hospitality / the wonderful present.
- It was so kind of you to invite me to stay with you.
- I really appreciated all your help / advice.
- Congratulations on passing your exams / your excellent exam results!
- I wish you good luck / Good luck in / with your exams / your driving test / your interview.
- Don’t worry, I’m sure you’ll do well / pass.
- Do be on time, won’t you, and don’t forget to …
- · I would really like you to visit me this summer. Write to me and tell me your plans.
- · Thanks for sending me… Please write to me again soon, and tell me all your news.
- · Please give/send my regards (love) to your…. And write and tell me your plans for….
- · I would really love to see you. Why don’t you come and visit me this….. Write back soon!
- · If you want to know anything else, just drop me a line.
- · Well, that’s all for now. Do write back soon.
- · That’s all my news for now…
- · It was great to get your letter….
- · Thanks for your letter. It was great / lovely to hear from you.
- · Thanks for your long letter. It was really great to hear all your news, after not hearing from you for ages…..
- · Sorry I haven’t written for so long but…..
- · I’m very sorry about not replying to your letter sooner but I’ve been extremely busy.
- · Sorry for not writing earlier but I’ve………
- · How are things with you? I’m sorry I haven’t written for so long, but ……
- · I was really pleased to hear that….
- · I thought I’d better write and tell you about….
Referring to news
- Great news about … Glad to hear that … Sorry to hear about …
- Listen, did I tell you about …? You’ll never believe what …
- Oh, and another thing … This is just to let you know that …
- I thought you might be interested to hear about / know that …
- By the way, have you heard about / did you know that …?
- I’m writing to apologise for missing your party but I’m afraid I was with flu.
- I’m really sorry that I forgot to send you a birthday card but I was busy with my new job.
- I’m / We’re having a party on Friday 19th and I / we hope you’ll be able to come.
- Would you like to come / go to see ‘Room With a View’ with me at the weekend?
- I was wondering if you’d like to go to the theatre / come on holiday with us.
- Could you let me / us know if you can come / you’d like to join us?
- Thank you very much for your invitation. I’d love to come.
- Thank you for asking / inviting me to … but I’m afraid I won’t be able to …
- · I am writing to ask for your advice.
- · Can you give me your advice?
- · Give me your advice about….
- · Can you think of anything that…?
- · I’ve got a problem and I need your advice
- I’ve got a problem, and I think you can help
Письма просьбой спросить совет
- ·What do you think I should do?
- · Give me / Send me your advice soon.
- · Do you think I should…?
- · Do you have any idea about…?
- · Please let me know what to do
- · Please let me know what you think I should do
- · I’d like to know what you think about…
- · Write back soon and tell me what you think.
- · Your advice would help me a lot.
- · I ‘m sorry to hear ..…and I think I can help.
- · Cheer up / Don’t worry too much.
- · Don’t let it get you down
- · I’m only too glad to help.
- · I just got your letter and I think……
- Here’s what I think you should do
Фразы основной части
- · Why don’t you……….?
- · If I were you / in your position, I’d…../ I wouldn’t…..
- · Have you thought of / about ……+ Ving?
- · Don’t forget to….
- · It would be a good idea to………
- · What you should do is…
- · How about + Ving………? What about + Ving…..?
- · I think you should……
- · The best advice I can give you is………
- Another good idea is to……
- · I hope that this / my advice helps.
- · Let me know what happens.
- · Let me know how it went.
- · Let’s hope that things get better
- · Let’s hope that everything turns out all right.
- · Hope this helped.
- · If you do this, you would…….
- Use contractions
- (2) Use some exclamation marks (but not too many) to express emotion.
- (3) Use a range of appropriate vocabulary and informal expressions
- (4) Short sentences are acceptable
Informal language, including phrasal verbs, informal vocabulary ("I guess you loved the pics"), contractions, question tags.
Simpler sentence structure: I’ll be late for the party. It’s because of my French exam.
Connectors: All good writing makes good use of connectors. However, many of the connectors you have learnt for other styles of writing are inappropriate in an informal letter or email. For informal writing, you need to use some of the connectors that are more specific to spoken language.
- To introduce a topic: Well, you'll never guess who I bumped into yesterday. / I know how much you love tennis, so I've got us some tickets to Wimbledon. / By the way, did you know that John's got a new job?
- To go back to a previous topic: Anyway, as I was saying earlier, I really wasn't very happy there. / Now where was I? Oh yes, I nearly forgot, Mary asked me tell you about the cinema.
- To introduce surprising or bad news: Actually, he came to the party after all. / I'm really sorry but I can't make it. / To tell you the truth, I don't really like sports much.
- To summarise what you've already said: Anyway, we had a really nice time in the end. / Well, to cut a long story short, we didn't get there on time
Informal email/letter 2 - Model question
You have received this email from your English-speaking friend, Jean.
I hear you organised a surprise birthday party for your mother. I'd love to hear about it. What kind of party did you organise? Who did you invite? How did it go? Do tell me.
Write your email in 140-190 words in an appropriate style.
Open with an informal greeting
Start your reply by referring to the sender's email/letter.
Good to hear from you again. I hope you're still enjoying your job.
Give reason for replying
I'm glad you asked me about the party I planned for my mother's birthday. Well, I have to say it was a fantastic success. I told my mother we were taking her out for a quiet meal at a local restaurant with just the family, but in fact I'd(1) hired a large room in a hotel and invited all her old friends!(2)
Start a new paragraph as the topic has changed slightly.
Use an informal linking word/phrase
Anyway, I picked my mother up and told her I'd changed my mind. We were going to have a meal in a hotel. You should have seen her face when she walked into the room and everyone cheered! She just couldn't believe it and burst into tear(3). Then the party got going and it didn't finish until four in the morning. We were absolutely exhausted, but my mother had had a wonderful time.
When you close, make an excuse to finish.
Must dash now - I've got to go to college. Hope to hear from you (4).
Make sure you finish with an informal phrase