Vocabulary For IELTS Academic Writing Task 1. Introduction.  

В данном разделе представлены полезные фразы и слова, которые вам нужно знать и использовать в первой части теста письма - IELTS Academic writing task 1 для достижения более высокого балла .

 

Критерии оценивания 


Экзаменатор будет использовать четыре критерии для оценки вашего ответа в IELTS Writing Task 1: 
  •  Выполнение задачи (Task Achievement) 
  •  Последовательность и согласованность (Coherence and Cohesion); 
  • Использование лексики (Lexical Resource); 
  • Разнообразное использование грамматики (Grammatical Range and Accuracy).
Использование лексики занимает 25% из 100% для определения Вашего общего балла. Поэтому Вы должны обогатить свой словарный запас, чтобы поднять Ваш средний бал.
Чтобы продемонстрируйте, что у вас есть большой лексический ресурс, вам нужно:
  • Использовать правильные синонимы в своем письме.
  • Используйте широкий словарный запас.
  • Не повторяйте слова и фразы из экзаменационного вопроса, если нет альтернативы.
  • Использовать менее распространенные слова и выражения
  • Не использовать одно и то же слово более одного раза/два раза.
  • Используйте точные и достоверные слова в предложении.
__________________________________________________

Формат написания 

Формат написания академического письма задание 1 выглядит следующим образом:

Introduction + Basic/ General Trends + Details Description + Summary (по желанию).

  • Каждая часть имеет определенный формат и, следовательно, оснащение необходимым словарным запасом поможет вам эффективно выполнить задание и сэкономит много времени.
  • Ваше вступление ( Introduction) должно быть весьма впечатляющим, поскольку оно производит первое впечатление на экзаменатора.
  • Никогда не копируйте слово в слово из вопроса. Всегда перефразируйте вступление своими словами.

Vocabulary for introduction part  

Starting Presentation type Verb Description
The/ the given / the supplied / the presented / the shown / the provided diagram / table / figure / illustration / graph / chart / flow chart / picture/ presentation/ pie chart / bar graph/ column graph / line graph / table data/ data / information / pictorial/ process diagram/ map/ pie chart and table/ bar graph and pie chart . shows / represents / depicts / enumerates /illustrates / presents/ gives / provides / delineates/ outlines/ describes / delineates/ expresses/ denotes/ compares/ shows contrast / indicates / figures / gives data on / gives information on/ presents information about/ shows data about/ demonstrates/ sketch out/ summarises...  the comparison of… the differences… the changes... the number of… information on… data on… the proportion of… the amount of… information on... data about... comparative data... the trend of... the percentages of... the ratio of... how the...

Practice 1. Insert the right statement to complete the sentence

1. __________________ employment rates among adults in four European countries from 1925 to 1985.
2. ________________________ the proportion of male and female employees in 6 broad categories, dividing into manual and non-manual occupations in Australia, between 2010 and 2015. 
3. ________________________information about consumer expenditures on six products in four countries namely Germany, Italy, Britain and France.
4. ___________________________compares the number of male and female graduates in three developing countries while the table data presents the overall literacy rate in these countries. 
5. __________________________the water consumption in different sectors in five regions.
6. __________________________--_the money spent on different research projects while the column graph demonstrates the fund sources over a decade, commencing from 1981.
7. _______________________________the proportion of male and female employees in three different sectors in Australia between 2010 and 2015.

Vocabulary for the General Trend Part

  •  In general, In common,
  • Generally speaking,
  • Overall, It is obvious,
  • As is observed,
  • As a general trend,
  • As can be seen,
  • As an overall trend,
  • As is presented,
  • It can be clearly seen that,
  • At the first glance, it is clear,
  • At the onset, it is clear that,
  • A glance at the graphs reveals that...

Words to make a comparison / contrast:

A bit/ slightly/ a little/ only just/ approximately/ about/ almost/ precisely/ quite/ nearly/ considerably/ a huge/ a great deal/ quite a lot/ completely/ exactly...
  • In contrast, ....
  • On the contrary,....
  • ..... differes from....
Similarity:
  • Both....and....
  • ..... are alike
  • ......are similar
  • Similarly,
Example:
» This year population growth of the country is slightly larger than the previous year.
» This year population grown is almost twice than 2007.
» Sale of the company has increased quite a lot this year.


Practice 2. Use synonyms for the highlighted words.

  1. The number of high-level women executives is well beneath than the number of male executives in this organisation, where approximately 2000 people work in executive levels.
  2. About 1000 people died in the highway car accident in 2003 which is well above than the statistics of all other years.
  3. The number of domestic-violence cases was just below 500 in March which is just a little over than the previous months.
  4. The average rainfall in London in 2014 was just above than the average of other two cities.
  5. The salaries of male executives in three out of four companies were well above than the salaries of female executives in 1998.
Similar about / almost / nearly / roughly / approximately / around / just about / very nearly /
Just over just above / just over / just bigger / just beyond / just across
Just short  just below / just beneath / just sort / just under / just a little
Much more well above /well beyond / well across / well over
Much less  well below / well under / well short / well beneath

Superlative Structures

1. A ranks/stands first/second/third/last.
2. A is the [second/third] largest/smallest/most significant/most productive/ … + n.
3. A has the [second/third] greatest/widest/ most significant/most productive/ … + n.
4. A uses/ produces /consumes the largest/highest/smallest/lowest proportion of + n. /quantity of + n. /amount of + uncountable n./ number of + countable n.

Vocabulary to represent highest and lowest points in graphs


Exercise: Use Synonyms instead of highlighted words

  1. The price of the oil reached a peak amounting $20 in February and again touched the lowest point amounting only $10 in July.
  2. Student enrollment in foreign Universities and Colleges increased dramatically hitting a peak of over 20 thousand in 2004.
  3. The highest number of books was sold in July while it was lowest in December.
  4. The oil price reached a pick in 2003 while it was lowest in 2006.
  5. The selling volume of the DVD hit a pick with 2 million copies sold in a month but after just three months it reached the bottom with only 20 thousand sold in a month. 
Type  Verb  Noun
Highest point peaked / culminated / climaxed / reach the peak / hit the peak / touch the highest point / reach the vertex/ reach the apex a (/the) peak / a (/the) pinnacle / a (/the) vertex / the highest point/ an (/the) apex / a (/the) summit, a (/the) top, a (/the) pinnacle, a (/the) acme, a (/the) zenith,
Lowest point touch the lowest point / get the lowest point / reached the nadir the lowest point / the lowest mark / bottommost point / rock bottom point/ bottommost mark / nadir/ the all-time low/ the lowest level/ the bottom/ rock-bottom

Vocabulary to show fluctuations/ups and downs/ rise and fall 


  • Be erratic
  • Rise and fall erratically
  • Changes sporadically
  • Rise and fall irregularly
  • Changes Intermittentlyy

Date, month & year related Vocabulary 


  • Between  ...(year/ month)...  and  ...(year/ month)...
  • From  ...(year/ month/ day/date)...  to  ...(year/ month/day/date)...
  • In  ...(year/ month)...
  • On  ...(day/ day of the week/ a date)...
  • In ......,  By ......
  • During  ... (year)...
  • Over the period/ over the century/ later half of the year/ the year...
  • Over the next/ past/ previous ........ days/ weeks/ months/ years/ decades..

Practice

Write an introduction and overview/general trend of the following diagrams:
The graph below shows relative price changes for fresh fruits and vegetables, sugars and sweets, and carbonated drinks between 1978 and 2009.
Tips: 
Introduction: Paraphrase + Overview/ General trend (what the diagrams indicate at a first glance). What/Where/When

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Материал для подготовки к IELTS  

IELTS Academic Writing Masterclass course

The course is structured in the following way:

  • You are given a video lesson with step to step processes and instructions, including structures, grammar vocabulary and helpful tips.
  • Then you are presented practical tasks as your assignment. That is the most important part of the course, You are completing the task Following the instructions in the videos to write your high scoring report or essay.
  • Then you send it for evaluation and feedback.
  • You will be shown where you are doing well and what needs improving.

IELTS Academic Writing Course presentation

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IELTS Academic  Practice Tests