Урок 3. Advantages and Disadvantages.

Модуль 4. ЗАДАНИЕ 4. Тематическое монологическое высказывание с элементами рассуждения. 

"Устный экзамен ЕГЭ по английскому языку "

 

 

 
Тон голоса в английских предложения. Задание 1. Чтение текста вслух.

Обработка видео...


Здесь вы должны представит 1-2 сильные и слабые стороны видов деятельности.

Клише "Advantages"

Both activities have some advantages and disadvantages.
  • One of the main advantages/benefits/strong points of _______ is
  • The great advantage of ______________ is
  • The key advantage of _______________ is 
All of the above phrases can be completed with the following: 
  •  a possibility to _______________
  • you can _______________
  • you are able to____________
  • you don't have to _____________
  • you don't need to _______
Examples. 
  • The main advantage of cycling to work is that you don't pollute the air. 
  • The great advantage of using cell phones is a possibility to get in touch with anyone anytime.

Disadvantages.

  • The bad thing about that is ___________
  • A drawback of ______ is __________
  • The one bad point about it is ________
All of the above phrases can be completed with the following:
  • you can/might/may/could____
  • it can/might/may/could___
then use one of the following:
  • damage/do harm
  • cause illness/health problem/stress
  • get damaged/stolen/broken easily
  • get cheated by/addicted to /obessed/bored with/frustrated by
  • not be so good for
  • be problematic for
  • be inconvenient because/for
  • be confusing
  • give a bad impression of somebody
Example:
A drawback of owning an expensive bike is that it could be stolen.

Advantages and Disadvantages.

Если вы хотите одновременно представить сильные и слабые стороны, то можете воспользоваться следующими переходными словами:
  • although
  • however
  • while
  • yet at the same time
  • while at the same time
  • having said that
  • then again
  • on the one hand/on the other hand
Examples.
  • The main disadvantage of eating at the restaurants is that it is very expensive, although it can be exciting and fun. 
  • The telephone is very useful, while at the same time, it can be quite annoying when you want to be left alone. 
  • Being into fashion can be really a good thing, yet at the same time, it can sometimes be a bit silly if people spend too much time thinking about fashion. 
  • Going to see sports games can be fun and exciting. Having said that, it can be annoying to be in a crowded stadium with a lot of people. 
  • On the one hand, contact sports are a great way to exercise, but on the other hand, they can be quite dangerous. 

Positive Adjectives.

Представляя преимущества объекта, деятельности, личности и др.,  будет не лишним использовать положительные прилагательные ( positive adjectives) в своем высказывании. Это поможет представить ваши аргументы на более положительной ноте.
Вот несколько прилагательных для представления преимуществ:
  •  Expressive
  • Faithful
  • Forgiving
  • Glamorous
  • Healing
  • Heroic
  • Kind-hearted
  • Sensible
  • Luxurious
  • Optimistic
  • Peaceful
  • Romantic
  • Nurturing
  • Cultural
  • Stunning
  • Valuable
Example: The main advantage of this carriculum is that it provides a nurturing and culturally rich environment. 

Negative adjectives. 

Когда вы представляете слабые стороны чего-либо, вы можете использовать следующие прилагательные:
Activities: 
  • dull/boring
  • tiring
  • exhausting
  • time- consuming
  • difficult
  • repetitive
  • poorly-paid
  • unstable
  • counterproductive
Objects
  • not user-friendly
  • overly- complicated
  • unattractive
  • fragile
  • impractical
  • poorly made
  • overpriced
  • low-quality
Habits/Customs
  • outdated
  • old - fashioned
  • a little ridiculous
  • unhealthy
  • environmentally unfriendly
  • antisocial
  • annoying
Laws
  • unfair
  • overly - restrictive
  • oppressive
  • narrow-minded
  • discriminatory
  • vague
  • unjust
Example: The drawback of going to the gym is that it's quite exhausting after you've done a long day's of work.