to be prone to obesity
to be likely to become fat
[tuː biː prəʊn tuː əʊˈbiːsɪtɪ]
EX. Children who are addicted to watching television, instead of playing outdoor games, are more prone to obesity.
problems which occur when people are unhappy with their bodies, and therefore eat far too much or far too little.
EX: Advertising tells women that they should have bodies like supermodel celebrities, and this sometimes leads to eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia.
safe hygiene standards
a safe level of keeping yourself, living areas or working areas clean in order to prevent illness and disease.
[seɪf ˈhaɪʤiːn ˈstændəds]
EX: Maintaining safe hygiene standards in hospitals, homes and workplaces is a simple and inexpensive way to combat the spread of diseases.
to keep their teeth healthy
to take care of their teeth by cleaning them regularly.
[tuː kiːp ðeə tiːθ ˈhelθɪ]
EX. Advertisements encourage youngsters to brush their teeth several times a day in order to keep their teeth healthy.
involving little exercise or physical activity.
EX. A sedentary lifestyle is a major factor in health problems such asobesity and heart disease.
healthy eating habits
eating healthy food at regular times of the day.
[ˈhelθɪ ˈiːtɪŋ ˈhæbɪts]
EX. Health education involves teaching people about healthy eating habits, such as regular mealtimes and eating fruit and vegetables every day.
to take regular exercise
to do some physical activity on a regular basis.
[tuː teɪk ˈregjʊlə ˈeksəsaɪz]
EX: Authorities should encourage people of all ages to take regular exercise by providing facilities in each community.
the outbreak of an epidemic
a large number of diseases occurring at the same time in a particular community.
[ðiː ˈaʊtbreɪk ɒv æn epɪˈdemɪk]
EX: A lack of government programs for vaccination and regular health care may lead to the outbreak of an epidemic, particularly in developing countries.
a fitness regime
a method or routine of taking regular exercise.
EX: Even elderly people can adopt a fitness regime by taking light exercise such as walking or jogging.
practices of healthcare intended to try to stop illnesses.
EX: An emphasis on preventive medicine will result in a healthier population and reduced costs for medical treatment.
a term used by many western countries to describe more traditional types of healthcare that do not involve operations and pharmaceutical drugs.
EX: Naturopathy is a form of alternative healthcare which treats illness and diseases using natural foods, herbs and other techniques.
public health services
the agencies funded by the government to protect and promote the health of the population.
[ˈpʌblɪk helθ ˈsɜːvɪsɪz]
EX: I would argue that funding for public health services should be the main priority of all governments.
primary health care
the medical treatment that you receive first when you are sick or ill, for example from your doctor or local clinic.
[ˈpraɪmərɪ helθ keə]
EX: Developing countries must allocate resources to establish primary health care clinics in rural areas and overcrowded city districts.
to build up one’s immune system/ immunity
to increase the ability of your body to fight diseases.
[tuː bɪld ʌp wʌn'es ɪˈmjuːn ˈsɪstɪm/ ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ]
EX: A healthy lifestyle and a diet rich in vitamins is a sure way to build up one’s immune system.
mental health problems
related to illnesses of one’s mind.
[mentl helθ ˈprɒbləmz]
EX. Overwork may sometimes result in mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression.
to offer emotional support
to give counselling to a person who is suffering from a mental health problem.
[tuː ˈɒfə ɪˈməʊʃnəl səˈpɔːt]
EX: Some schools in Europe now offer emotional support to pupils who are the victims of bullying.
Alive And Kicking
Meaning: In good health despite health problems.
Example: I had coronary bypass surgery last winter, but I’m alive and kicking!
2. As fit as a fiddle
Meaning: To be healthy and physically fit
Example: My grandfather is ninety years old but he is as fit as a fiddle.
3. As pale as a ghost
Meaning: Extremely pale
Example: My grandfather was as pale as a ghost when he entered the hospital.
4. As pale as death
Meaning: Extremely pale
Example: The woman in the hospital waiting room was as pale as death.
5. Back on one’s feet
Meaning: Physically healthy again.
Example: My mother is back on her feet after being sick for two weeks.
6. Be on the Mend
Meaning: Be improving after an illness.
Example: I was in the hospital for a week after I contracted malaria, but now I’m back home, and I’m on the mend.
7. Bitter pill to swallow
Meaning: An unpleasant fact that one must accept
Example: Losing the election was a bitter pill to swallow for the candidate.
Meaning: Bruised, showing signs of having been physically harmed
Example: My arm was black-and-blue after falling down the stairs.
9. Break out in a cold sweat.
Meaning: To perspire from fever or anxiety
Example: I usually break out in a cold sweat when I have to make a speech.
10. Catch one’s death of cold
Meaning: To become very ill (with a cold/flu etc.)
Example: The little boy was told to be careful in the rain or he would catch his death of cold.