Health and Healthy lifestyle. Лексика.

"Устный экзамен ЕГЭ по английскому языку "



to be prone to obesity 

 to be likely to become fat
[tuː biː prəʊn tuː əʊˈbiːsɪtɪ]
EX. Children who are addicted to watching television, instead of playing outdoor games, are more prone to obesity.

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eating disorders

problems which occur when people are unhappy with their bodies, and therefore eat far too much or far too little.
[ˈiːtɪŋ dɪsˈɔːdəs]
EX: Advertising tells women that they should have bodies like supermodel celebrities, and this sometimes leads to eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia.

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 safe hygiene standards 

a safe level of keeping yourself, living areas or working areas clean in order to prevent illness and disease.
[seɪf ˈhaɪʤiːn ˈstændəds]
EX: Maintaining safe hygiene standards in hospitals, homes and workplaces is a simple and inexpensive way to combat the spread of diseases.

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to keep their teeth healthy 

to take care of their teeth by cleaning them regularly.
[tuː kiːp ðeə tiːθ ˈhelθɪ]
EX.  Advertisements encourage youngsters to brush their teeth several times a day in order to keep their teeth healthy.

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sedentary lifestyle 

involving little exercise or physical activity.
[ˈsed(ə)nt(ə)rɪ ˈlaɪfstaɪl]
EX.  A sedentary lifestyle is a major factor in health problems such asobesity and heart disease.

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healthy eating habits 
eating healthy food at regular times of the day.
[ˈhelθɪ ˈiːtɪŋ ˈhæbɪts]
EX. Health education involves teaching people about healthy eating habits, such as regular mealtimes and eating fruit and vegetables every day.

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to take regular exercise 

to do some physical activity on a regular basis.
[tuː teɪk ˈregjʊlə ˈeksəsaɪz]
EX: Authorities should encourage people of all ages to take regular exercise by providing facilities in each community.

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the outbreak of an epidemic 

a large number of diseases occurring at the same time in a particular community.
[ðiː ˈaʊtbreɪk ɒv æn epɪˈdemɪk]
EX: A lack of government programs for vaccination and regular health care may lead to the outbreak of an epidemic, particularly in developing countries.

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a fitness regime 

a method or routine of taking regular exercise.
[ˈfɪtnɪs reɪˈʒiːm]
EX: Even elderly people can adopt a fitness regime by taking light exercise such as walking or jogging.

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preventive medicine 

practices of healthcare intended to try to stop illnesses.
[prɪˈventɪv ˈmeds(ə)n]
EX: An emphasis on preventive medicine will result in a healthier population and reduced costs for medical treatment.

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alternative healthcare 

a term used by many western countries to describe more traditional types of healthcare that do not involve operations and pharmaceutical drugs.
[ɔːlˈtɜːnətɪv ˈhelθkər]
EX: Naturopathy is a form of alternative healthcare which treats illness and diseases using natural foods, herbs and other techniques.

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public health services 

the agencies funded by the government to protect and promote the health of the population.
[ˈpʌblɪk helθ ˈsɜːvɪsɪz]
EX: I would argue that funding for public health services should be the main priority of all governments.

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primary health care 

the medical treatment that you receive first when you are sick or ill, for example from your doctor or local clinic.
[ˈpraɪmərɪ helθ keə]
EX: Developing countries must allocate resources to establish primary health care clinics in rural areas and overcrowded city districts.

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to build up one’s immune system/ immunity

to increase the ability of your body to fight diseases.
[tuː bɪld ʌp wʌn'es ɪˈmjuːn ˈsɪstɪm/ ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ]
EX: A healthy lifestyle and a diet rich in vitamins is a sure way to build up one’s immune system.

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mental health problems 

related to illnesses of one’s mind.
[mentl helθ ˈprɒbləmz]
EX. Overwork may sometimes result in mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression.

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to offer emotional support  

to give counselling to a person who is suffering from a mental health problem.
[tuː ˈɒfə ɪˈməʊʃnəl səˈpɔːt]
EX: Some schools in Europe now offer emotional support to pupils who are the victims of bullying.

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   Health Idioms.
Alive And Kicking
Meaning: In good health despite health problems. 
Example: I had coronary bypass surgery last winter, but I’m alive and kicking!
2. As fit as a fiddle
Meaning: To be healthy and physically fit
Example: My grandfather is ninety years old but he is as fit as a fiddle.
3. As pale as a ghost
Meaning: Extremely pale
Example: My grandfather was as pale as a ghost when he entered the hospital.
4. As pale as death
Meaning: Extremely pale
ExampleThe woman in the hospital waiting room was as pale as death.
5. Back on one’s feet
Meaning: Physically healthy again.
Example: My mother is back on her feet after being sick for two weeks.
6. Be on the Mend
Meaning: Be improving after an illness.
Example: I was in the hospital for a week after I contracted malaria, but now I’m back home, and I’m on the mend.
7. Bitter pill to swallow
Meaning: An unpleasant fact that one must accept
Example: Losing the election was a bitter pill to swallow for the candidate.
8. Black-and-blue
Meaning: Bruised, showing signs of having been physically harmed
Example: My arm was black-and-blue after falling down the stairs.
9. Break out in a cold sweat.
Meaning: To perspire from fever or anxiety
Example: I usually break out in a cold sweat when I have to make a speech.
10. Catch one’s death of cold
Meaning: To become very ill (with a cold/flu etc.)
Example: The little boy was told to be careful in the rain or he would catch his death of cold.

Лексика. Health.

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