TOEFL Integrated Writing  

Integrated Essay  



  • You’ll start by reading an academic passage. This passage is about 300 words long, and you’ll have three minutes to read it.
  • Next, you’ll listen to an audio clip of a professor giving a lecture on the same topic as that of the passage. This lecture will usually be about two minutes long and will either agree or disagree with points made in the passage.
  • Finally, you’ll have 20 minutes to plan and compose a short essay of about 150-225 words.This essay must summarize the points made in the lecture and explain how they support or challenge what’s written in the passage.You will not write about your own opinion for this task (though you will for the Independent Writing task).
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  • In conclusion, the lecture and the reading are both about…. The professor effectively challenges the claims made in the article.

Integrated essay structure


  • The reading and the lecture are both about…. which is……
  • The author of the reading believes that….
  • The lecture casts doubt on the claim made in the article ….
  • He/She thinks that.....


1st patagrpah

  • First of all the author claims that….( main point). He belives that…( supporting detail)…The author presents an example ....
  • This point is challenged by the lecturer. He/She says that… ( main point). Furthermore, she points out…( supporting detail). The professor gives an example ....

2nd Paragrpah

  • Secondly, the author states that….( main point)..He argues….( supporting detail). This argument is rebutted by the lecturer. He/She suggests that… He/She elaborates on this by mentioning that….

3’d paragraph

  • Finally, the author mentions that….He is of the opinion that… The lecturer on the other hand feels that…. He/She puts forth the idea that ....

Sample Essay

The reading and the lecture are both about the value of television appearances by university professors.  The author of the reading argues that it is very worthwhile for academics to make such appearances.  The lecturer casts doubt on the claims made in the article.  He believes that these appearances are not particularly useful.
First of all, the author claims that by appearing on television, university professors can broaden their audience and will be viewed as experts in their subjects by more people than ever before. The author believes that this can increase their importance as academic professionals.  This point is challenged by the lecturerHe says that professors who go on television are viewed by their peers as entertainers rather than as true academics. The lecturer claims that because of this problem, being a celebrity could even affect their ability to get funding for their work.
Secondly, the author states that television appearances can be beneficial for the universities themselves.  It is argued that the prestige of the university is increased when one of their faculty makes a high profile media appearance.  The lecturer rebuts this argument. He suggests that universities can suffer because celebrity professors do not have much time for their research and students.  He argues that rather than carrying out their duties, they spend a lot of time rehearsing, traveling and getting made-up for their appearances.
Finally, the author mentions that there is a net benefit to the public when a professor appears in the media.  It is suggested that television is usually quite shallow and that professors can provide a very useful remedy to this problem.  The lecturer, on the other hand, feels that television networks do not want to present meaningful content.  He says that the abbreviated presentations that professors give on television are no more useful than what a regular reporter could deliver.
In conclusion, the lecture and the reading are both about the appreciation of television appearances by university professors. The professor effectively challenges the claims made in the article.


Main points

  • 1. Skim the article
  • 2. Read topic sentences - identify key terms
  • 3. Look for key terms + verbs
  • 4. Don't worry about details.

Supported detais

  • 1. Take note of repetitions
  • 2. Don't try to include everything
  • 3. Follow the order the lecturer did
  • 4. Focus on key terms from reading
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TOEFL Practice tests


Полезный материал на все разделы TOEFL  

В данном разделе представлен полезный материал по всем разделам экзамена TOEFL: Reading, Listening, Speaking, Writing,